Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Methods for Research of Mountain

and Melt Water as Factor of Longevity.

Chemical Composition, NES and DNES Methods for Spectral Analysis.

Effects of Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Manganese,

Advances in Physics Theories and Applications, Vol. 44, pp. 48-64.

# Research of Water from Prof. Ignat Ignatov

## List of scientific publications, where Prof. Ignat Ignatov is cited Topic: Water clusters, Methods for research of water, Magnetic effects on water

The most cited scientific publication of Prof. Ignatov is:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models

Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling,

Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Research of melt water from Glacier Rosenlaui, Swiss Alps, Prof. Ignatov with collaboration of Eng. Bauer, 2015 |
Research of melt water from Glaciers, Chilean Andes, Prof. Ignatov with collaboration of Pablo Bianchini, 2016 |

## Applied methods

### 1. First method:

Laboratory of Eurotest Control, Sofia, Bulgaria. Decree No. 9 for research of water – chemical composition, hardness, pH. There are including 32-33 indicators with standards ISO 10304-1:2009; ISO 10523:2008; ISO 11885:2009. Additionally are including – bicarbonate ions, hydro carbonate ions, potassium and mercury. Decree No. 9 is for the research of drinking and spring mountain water. Decree No. 14 is for the research of mineral water.

* “The modern science is of the level to take all minerals from mountain and mineral water. If we put these minerals in deionized water we have not mineral or mountain water.” *Prof. Marin Marinov

### 2. Second method:

To understand the “language” of the water there is measurement of the spectrum of water. These results show with local extremums the effects of all minerals and other conditions. Тhe measurements are with two methods (Nonequilibrium Energy Spectrum) NES and (Differential Nonequilibrium Energy Spectrum) DNES. (Prof. Antonov, 1990; Prof. Ignatov, 1998). The standard of study is accepted in peer review journals in USA, European Union and Russia with impact factor.

A convenient method for studying of liquids is non-equilibrium differential spectrum. It was established experimentally that the process of evaporation of water drops, the wetting angle θ decreases discreetly to zero, and the diameter of the water drop basis is only slightly altered, that is a new physical effect (Antonov, 1995; Antonov & Yuskesselieva, 1983). Based on this effect, by means of the measurement of the wetting angle within equal intervals of time is determined the function of distribution of H_{2}O molecules according to the value of f(θ). The distribution function is denoted as the energy spectrum of the water state. The theoretical research established the dependence between the surface tension of water and the energy of hydrogen bonds among individual H_{2}O-molecules (Antonov, 1995).

For calculation of the function f(E) represented the energy spectrum of water, the experimental dependence between the wetting angle (θ) and the energy of hydrogen bonds (E) is established:

where b = 14.33 eV^{-1}

The relation between the wetting angle (θ) and the energy (E) of the hydrogen bonds between H_{2}O molecules is calculated by the formula:

The energy spectrum of water is characterized by a non-equilibrium process of water droplets evaporation, therefore, the term non-equilibrium spectrum (NES) of water is used.

The difference *∆f(E) = f (Esamples of water) – f (Econtrol sample of water)* – is called the “differential non-equilibrium energy spectrum of water” (DNES).

Thus, the DNES spectrum is an indicator of structural changes in water, because the energy of hydrogen bonds in water samples differ due to the different number of hydrogen bonds in water samples, which may result from the fact that different waters have different structures and composition and various intermolecular interactions – various associative elements etc (Ignatov et al, 2014; Ignatov et al., 2015). The redistribution of H_{2}O molecules in water samples according to the energy is a statistical process of dynamics.

Figure 1 shows the average NES-spectrum of deionised water. On the X-axis are depicted three scales. The energies of hydrogen bonds among H_{2}O molecules are calculated in eV. On the Y-axis is depicted the function of distribution of H_{2}O molecules according to energies f(E), measured in reciprocal unit eV^{-1}. Arrow A designates the energy of hydrogen bonds among H_{2}O molecules, which is accepted as most reliable in spectroscopy. Arrow B designates the energy of hydrogen bonds among H_{2}O molecules the value of which is calculated as:

Arrow C designates the energy at which the thermal radiation of the human body, considered like an absolute black body (ABB) with a temperature +36.6 0С, is at its maximum.

The figure 1 shows also and the local extremums in water

Figure 1. Nonequilibrium Energy Spectrum (NES) of water

**Notes:**

E=-0.1212 eV is the local extremum for the effects on the nervous system

E=-0.1212 eV is the local extremum for anti-inflammatory effect

E= -0.1387 eV is the local extremum for inhibition of the development of tumor cells of molecular level

### 3. Third method:

Mathematical model of distribution of water molecules according energies of hydrogen bonds (Prof. Ignatov, Ass. Prof. Mosin, 2012)

For example the research with NES method of water drops received after 3 days stay with shungite and zeolite in deionized water may also give valuable information on the possible number of hydrogen bonds as percent of water molecules with different values of distribution of energies (Table 1). These distributions are basically connected with restructuring of H_{2}O molecules with the same energies. The standard of study is accepted in peer review journals in USA, European Union and Russia with impact factor.

Table 1. Mathematical models of water samples with shungite and zeolite

**There is research with DNES method. The sample is with 1% solution of food supplements, drugs, chemical compositions and chemical elements. The result is with NES method The control sample is with deionized water and the results is with NES method. The difference between NES of 1% solution and NES of deionized water gives DNES.**

**Results of 1% (v/v) solution in deionized water of VITA intense**

The research with the NES method of water drops is received with 1% solution VITA intense, and deionized water as control sample. The mathematical models of 1% (v/v) solution VITA intense gives the valuable information for the possible number of hydrogen bonds as percent of H_{2}O molecules with different values of distribution of energies (Table 2 and Fig. 2). These distributions are basically connected with the restructuring of H_{2}O molecules having the same energies.

Table 2: The distribution (%, (-Evalue)/(-Etotal value) of H

_{2}O molecules in 1% water solution of VITA intense (product of LavaVitae, Austria) and control deionized water

E= -0.1112 eV is the local extremum for relaxing effect on nervous system

E=-0.1212 eV is the local extremum for anti-inflammatory effect

E= -0.1387 eV is the local extremum for inhibition of development of tumor cells of molecular level

Notes:

* The result (-Evalue) is the result of hydrogen bonds energy for one parameter of (-E)

** The result (-Etotal value) is the total result of hydrogen bonds energy

Figure 2 shows the distribution (%, (-Evalue)/(-Etotal value) of H_{2}O molecules in and 1% (v/v) of water solution of VITA intense (product of LavaVitae, Austria) (red line) and control sample deionized water (blue line).

Figure 2: Mathematical model (Ignatov, Mosin, 2013) of 1% water solution of VITA intense (product of LavaVitae, Austria)

Notes:

E= -0.1112 eV is the local extremum for relaxing effect on nervous system

E=-0.1212 eV is the local extremum for anti-inflammatory effect

E= -0.1387 eV is the local extremum for inhibition of development of tumor cells of molecular level

### 4. Forth method: Results with pH and ORP

There are valid the following results of pH as indicator for acid alkaline medium of the products of LavaVitae. There are the results also of ORP or Oxidation-reduction potential.

The results are for 1% (v/v) of solutions of products, which are made from deionized water. This research is performed with Ass. Prof. Georgi Gluhchev from Bulgarian Academy of Science (BAS). The results of pH of deionized water is 6.05 and of ORP is 119.7. Table 3 shows the results of pH and ORP.

Figure 3 shows the dependence between the acidity and basicity (pH) solutions and the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). The pH value within the interval from 3 to 10 units and the ORP within the interval from -400 mV to +900 mV characterize the area of the biosphere of microorganisms. Outside these ranges of pH and ORP the microorganisms will hardly survive.

Figure 3: The dependence between acidity and basicity (pH) of solutions and the ORP on the biosphere of micro-organisms (point 1; VITA intense), (point 2; BOOST), point 3; ZEOLITH detox).

The result of 1% (v/v) solution of VITA intense is 4.07 or acidic medium. The result of ORP is (-104.5). The result of ORP with negative charge is connected with charge with negative value, which has antioxidant and permanent antioxidant activity. In the VITA intense there are the following antioxidants – Vitamins C, E, D. Figure 3 shows the dependence between acidity and basicity (pH) of solutions and the ORP on the biosphere of micro-organisms. The result of VITA intense with point 1 with coordinates (4,07; -104.5) is the biosphere of micro-organisms. VITA intense is useful for human health also with liquid form.

The Figure 4 shows the optimal range between the acidity and basicity (pH) of electrochemically activated solutions catholyte/anolyte electrochemically activated water and the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). The pH value within the interval from 3 to 10 units and the ORP within the interval from -400 mV to +900 mV characterize the area of the biosphere of microorganisms. Outside these ranges of pH and ORP the microorganisms will hardly survive. The application of the diagram is for catholyte/anolyte electrochemically activated water.

Figure 4. Range between the acidity and basicity (pH) of electrochemically activated solutions and the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP).

### Conclusions and table with total results. Biophysical and biochemical effects

From the results with methods 1. 2. and 3 there is structuring of table with results and conclusions with biophysical and biochemical effects on human body.

Table 2. shows optimal chemical composition of water, hardness, local extremum eV^{-1} at (-0.1362–-0.1387 eV) and total mineralization of water

The results of table 2 show antioxidant effects

For contacts – **mbioph@dir.bg**

The dose for research is 2 liters. The technical time for the study is 3 weeks.

CV of Prof. Ignat Ignatov: http://www.medicalbiophysics.bg/en/ignat_ignatov.html

Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.bg/citations?user=UHnsf3MAAAAJ&hl=de

### Five publications of Prof. Ignatov on the topic water with impact factor more than 30.

1. Ignatov I., Mosin O.V. (2013) Possible Processes for Origin of Life and Living Matter with Modeling of Physiological Processes of Bacterium Bacillus Subtilis in Heavy Water as Model System, Journal of Natural Sciences Research, Vol. 3, No. 9, pp. 65-76. Impact factor 5.53

2. Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87. Impact factor 5.58

3. Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2014) The Structure and Composition of Carbonaceous Fullerene Containing Mineral Shungite and Microporous Crystalline Aluminosilicate Mineral Zeolite. Mathematical Model of Interaction of Shungite and Zeolite with Water Molecules, Advances in Physics Theories and Applications, Vol. 28, pp. 10-21. Impact factor 7.17

4. Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Velikov, B., Bauer, E. Tyminski, G. (2014) Longevity Factors and Mountain Water as Factor. Research in Mountain and Fields Areas in Bulgaria, Civil and Environmental Research, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 51-60. Impact factor 5.58

5. Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V., Kirov, P. (2016) Mathematical Model of Kangen Water®. Biophysical and Biochemical Effects of Catholyte, Advances in Physics Theories and Applications, Vol. 51, pp. 33-55. Impact factor 7.17

**The total impact factor of 5 publications of Prof. Ignatov is 31.03 (Index Copernicus)**

### List of scientific publications, where Prof. Ignat Ignatov is cited

Topic: Water clusters, Methods for research of water, Magnetic effects of water

**USA**

Esfahani, A., Reisi, M., Mohr, B, (2017) Magnetized Water Effect on Compressive Strength and Dosage of Superplasticizers and Water in Self-Compacting Concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 30 (3).

https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29MT.1943-5533.0002174

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Al Shargji, F. (2020) Magnetic Water Treatment for Scale Prevention on Water Heater Elements, Environmental Engineering Theses and Graduate Student Research, University of Nebraska Lincoln

https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/envengdiss/20/

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

UK

Guoin, K. (2017) Hyper-oxygenated water compositions and related methods and systems, Perfect Water Worldwide LLC, patent.

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**AUSTRALIA**

Shu, L. (2020) The structure of water, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 511. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0378381220300601#!

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**SOUTH KOREA**

Choi, H, J., et al. (2017) Characteristics and Applications of Magnetized Water as a Green Technology, Journal of Cleaner Production, 161: 908-921.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652617311186#

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**SOUTH AFRICA**

Nyemba, W. (2018) Development of an Effective Self-Cleaning System to Minimize Fouling in Heat Exchangers, Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Pretoria /Johannesburg, South Africa

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**RUSSIA**

Kovalenko, V.F., Glazkova, V.V., Shutov, S.V. (2012) Mechanism of the Influence of Electromagnetic Radiation of the Decimeter Range on the Structure of Water, Biomedical Engineering and Electronics

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17256015

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Kovalenko, V.F., Bordyuk, A. Y., Shutov, S.V. (2012) Specifying the Shape of the Water Clusters, Optics of Atmosphere and Ocean, 24 (7): 601-605.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Kovalenko, V.F. (2012) Informational influence on the structure of water, Biomedical Engineering and Electronics.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Odinokin, A. (2013) Water molecule in the table theory, Physics of Consciousness and Life, Cosmology and Astrophysics, 13(3), 62–64.

https://physics.socionic.info/index.php/physics/article/view/90

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Kovalenko, V.F., Glazkova, G.B. (2013) Influence of acoustic waves on the structural properties of water, Biomedical Engineering and electronics.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Bajukov, A.V., Bezzubtseva, M. M. (2014) Magnetic Method for Prevention of Desculation on Heat-Transfer Surfaces of Power Equipment, Magazine of Student Scientific Society, 3, pp. 6-7.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22304933

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Zahvatov, G. I., Egorov, L. Y. (2014) Study of the magnetodynamic anti-scale effect, Proceeding of Kazan State University.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Ksenofontova, O. I. (2014) Investigation of conformational mobility of insulin superfamily peptides: Use of SPC/E and TIP4P water models, Molecular Biology, 48, 432-438.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0026893314030121

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Tashpolopov, A. et al. (2014) Physicochemical Features of Obtaining Coal-water Fuel, Advanced technologies and materials.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Osipovich, D. S., Genadievich, Y.S., Melnikov, S. A.(2015) Mathematical Modeling of the Process of Three-Dimensional Optical Digitization of Geometry, Scientific Review, 17; pp. 165-172.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24382137

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., I. Ignatov, I. (2013) Preparation of Nanoparticles of Colloid Silver and Spheres of Their Practical Using, Moscow, Nanoengeneering, No. 5, pp. 23-30.

Zahvatov, G. I. (2015) Experimental determination of the anti-scale effect during magnetodynamic water treatment, Proceeding of Kazan State University.

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Bahodurov, A. U., Popov, I. I. (2015) Wave-shaped Variations of the Dielectric Permeability of Aqueous Sodium Chloride Solutions, Future Engineers, Science.volgatech.net.

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Velikov, B. (2013) Mathematical Models, Describing Structure of Water, Acknowledge, Moscow, Vol. 16. No.3, pp. 1-25.

Fedorenko, A.M. (2015) The degree of influence of the hydronium ion on the processes of hydrogen recombination in the electric double layer, State University, Crimea, Biology and Chemistry.

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Water: Solid and Liquid Phases. Nano Structures in the Water in Solid and Liquid Phases, Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, Vol. 9, pp. 82-109.

Ananieva, E. A., Fekistov, D. Y. (2016) Investigation of Application Possibility of Quasi-softening for Scale Formation Decrease, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 751.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/751/1/012037/meta

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Farashtuk, N. F. et al. (2016) Physical and Chemical Indicators of Quality of Drinking Water, Achievements of Modern Science, 11(12), pp. 153-157.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27711484

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Terenkova, O. V., Koryakina, Y. P. (2016) Connection between the Level of Mineralization and Structure of Water, Medical University, Smolensk, Russia.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Sanakulov, K. S., Vorobiov, A. E., Norov, Y. D. (2017) The beginning of industrial application of nanotechnology in subsoil use, Fan, 1-496. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=41396193

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Abishev, A. A., Voroviov, A. E., (2017) Prospects for the industrial application of nanotechnology in subsoil use, All&Company, 1-320. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32348988

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Pahomov, A.I. et al. (2017) Development of Methods for Applying Technologies for Effective Processing of Agricultural Materials using Disinfecting Preparation and Electrophysical effects, North Caucasian Research Institute of Agricultural Mechanization and Electrification. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30690028

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Sharafutdinov, Z. Z., Krivoborodov, Y. R. (2017) Polymercement Systems for Construction of Oil and Gase Wells, Russian State University of Oil and Gas Gubkin.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28777870

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Ananeva, E. A., Mesiats, E. A., Sergievskii, V. V. (2017) Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate with the Filtration of Aqueous Solutions through a Microporous Membrane, Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 91, pp. 2121–2123.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0036024417100041

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Kuzmenko, A. N., Konovalchik, M. V. (2017) Increasing Environmental Safety by Reducing the Intensity of Scaling due to Magnetic Treatment of the Water Flow, State Agriculture University, Voronezh, pp. 331-336.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29338393

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Ananeva, E. A., Mesyats, E. A., Sergievskiy, V.V. (2017) Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate during Filtration of Aqueous Solutions through a Microporous Membrane, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 91(11): pp. 1862-1865.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30077388

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Galkin, N.K. (2017) Effect of pH Solution on Equilibrium in the Chromate-Bichromate System, (7), Youth Scientific and Technical Bulletin, pp. 33.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30723530

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Velikov, B. (2013) Mathematical Models, Describing Structure of Water, Acknowledge, Moscow, Vol. 16. No.3, pp. 1-25.

Bovin, A.A., Shahovoy, V. A. (2018) Study of the Effect of Laser Radiation on the Cluster Structer of Water, Open Science 2.0: Collection of Scientific Articles, North Carolina, USA.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Korneva, O. A., Shipunov, B., P. (2018) Influence of High-frequency Field Treatment on the Tendency to Nucleation during the Formation of Crystals from Aqueous Solutions, Altai State University, Diploma Thesis.

http://elibrary.asu.ru/xmlui/bitstream/handle/asu/6048/vkr.pdf?sequence=1

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Papunidi, K. H. et al. (2018) Applications of Sorbents for the Prevention of Metabolic Disorders and Toxicosis in Animals, Federal Center for Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan, Russia, pp. 1-224.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37351555

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Vorobiov, V. A. (2018) Electrical properties of Water, Federal Center.

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Water Structural Models Describing Cyclical Nano-clusters, Nano and Microsystem Technique, Moscow, No.3, pp. 47-56.

Simonyan, G. S., Arytunyan, N. M. (2018) Understanding the Anomalous and Specific Properties of Water, Science and Education Today.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Danilchenko, A.S., Korotkova, T.G., Ksandopulo, S. Y. (2018) Kinetics of the Evaporation of Distilled Water when Drying a Water-Protein Mixure under Isothermal Conditions, 4(364), pp. 64-67.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=35574988

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Velikov, B. (2013) Mathematical Models, Describing Structure of Water, Acknowledge, Moscow, Vol. 16. No.3, pp. 1-25.

Kershengolts, B.M., Chernobrivkina, T. V. (2019) Water and Processes for Self organization of Systems, Geo, Novosibirsk, Russia, pp. 1-151.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=38595954

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Genel, L. S., Rudenko, V. L. (2019) Ontology of the Origin of the First DNA Molecule on the Earth, 11 (60)

https://7universum.com/pdf/social/11(60)/11(60).pdf#page=4

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Egorovich, A. E., Gladush, A.D., (2019) Nano Engineering of Fuel and Energy Complex, Past technologies and modern innovation market, Vol. 1.pp. 1-317.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=42465535

Garishin, O.K., Shadrin, V.V., Kornev, Yu. V. (2019) Mechanical Studies of Ruber Micro- and Nanocomposing for the Tire Industry, Uniaxial and Biaxial Tests, Materials Physics and Mechanics 42 (2019) 445-454.

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2014) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Nanotechnology Research and Practice, 3, pp. 141-158.

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Lesnov, I. M., Petrash, V. V. (2019) Discussion Questions of Bioenegetics, Art Express, pp. 1-108.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=41576095

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Slizneva, T. E. (2019) Influence of Mechanomagnetic Activation of CaCl2 and Na2S2O3 Solutions on the Phase Composition of Cement Stone, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 62 (12).

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Sharafutdinov, Z. Z. (2020) Constructions of Underwater Crossings of Main Oil Pipelines by the Method of Directional Drilling, Nedra, pp. 1-357.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=40945950

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

Gromov, B. N., Karimova, O. S. (2019) Methodology of a Systems Approach and Analysis to the Problem of Designing Prefabricated Structures in the Far North, Innovational Development, 2(29): pp. 10-14.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37164835

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2012) Enigma of Ice Crystals, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 21-31. Khashirova, S. Y. (2019) Fine Grain Concrete on Mixing Water Activated in Cavitation Permanent Magnet-Type Apparatus, Key Engineering Materials, pp. 279-284.

https://www.scientific.net/KEM.816.279

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Korzhakov, V., Korzhakov, A., Korzhakova, S. (2020) Methods for Determining Optimal Characteristics of Acoustic-Magnetic Devices on Greenhouse Geothermal Heating System Pipes of Various Diameters, Engineering for Rural Development,

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Daukaev, A. et al. (2020) Natural mineral waters of the Chechen Republic: current usage and prospects for development, IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 579, 012025.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/579/1/012025/meta

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Methods for Research of Mountain and Melt Water as Factor of Longevity. Chemical Composition, NES and DNES Methods for Spectral Analysis. Effects of Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Manganese, Advances in Physics Theories and Applications, Vol. 44, pp. 48-64.

**UKRAINE**

Gluhova, N. V. (2014) Methods for Research of Physicochemical Parameters of Water, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, pp. 215-219.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

Sorochenko, E., Sorochenko, V. (2015) The Inhibtion of Bifurcation Evolution of Resistance Tumor Cells Polyphenols and Lignin of Vascular Plants, Ukrainian Scientific Medical Youth Journal, 3(89): http://mmj.nmuofficial.com/index.php/journal/article/view/190

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V., Velikov, B. (2013) Mathematical Models, Describing Structure of Water, Acknowledge, Moscow, Vol. 16. No.3, pp. 1-25.

Goncharuk, V. V. et al, (2017) Effect of Deuterium Concentration on Structural Alterations in Aqueous Solutions, Chemistry and Technology of water, 612-624.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2010) The Structuring of Water, Everything for water

**NORWAY **

Brondz, I. (2016) Review: Discovering the Cluster World. Clusters’ Hidden Parameters Extraction from Thermophysical Data and The Wonders of Molecular Interactions. The Experimentally Based Molecular Interaction Features, International Journal of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography, 4(2)

https://www.scirp.org/html/2-1550055_67812.htm

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Brondz, I. (2016) Review: Adducts and Clusters in Chromatography, Mass Spectrometry and Nature, International Journal of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography, 4(2):27 – 33.

https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=67806

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Brondz, I. (2016) Review: Discovering the Cluster World. Clusters’ Hidden Parameters Extraction from Thermophysical Data and The Wonders of Molecular Interactions. The Experimentally Based Molecular Interaction Features, International Journal of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography, 4(2):34 -38.

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**BRASIL**

Costa, Z. et al. (2019) Influence of magnetic field on barium sulfate incrustation from aqueous solutions, Heliyon, 5 (7). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844019356920#!

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85. Aldeia, M. et al. (2019) EFEITO DO CAMPO MAGNÉTICO NA FORMAÇÃO, INCRUSTAÇÃO E TRANSPORTE DE PARTÍCULAS DE CARBONATO DE CÁLCIO GERADAS EM ESCOAMENTO REATIVO, XXXIX CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE SISTEMAS PARTICULADOS ENEMP 2019

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**POLAND**

Fiala, P. et al. (2017) A numerical model of the spiral gradient magnetic field in selected water samples, Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, IEEExplore.

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8293272

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Izak, P. et al. (2017) Mechanizm działania aerozolu gaśniczego, BazTech

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-5519b751-5dc9-4b10-be3f-fecebffe153a

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2014) Nature of Hydrogen Bonds in Liquids and Crystals. Ice Crystal Modifications and Their Physical Characteristics, Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, Vol. 4, pp. 58-80.

Fiala, P. et al. (2018) An Interference EMG Model of Selected Water Samples, Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, IEEExplore.

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8597958

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Fiala, P. et al. (2019) EMG Field Analysis in Dynamic Microscopic/Nanoscopic Modls of Matter, APGOŚ, pp. 4-10.

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Puzowski, P., Scocsko, I. (2020) Investigation on Magnetic Field Usage for Urban Water Treatment, Proceedings, 51 (1).

https://www.mdpi.com/2504-3900/51/1/31

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**CZECH REPUBLIC**

Fiala, P. et al. (2017) A numerical model of the spiral gradient magnetic field in selected water samples, IEEE, Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Singapore.

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8293272

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**GREECE** Tyrovolas, I. (2020) New Explanation for the Mpemba Effect, Proceedings, 46(1), 2

https://www.mdpi.com/2504-3900/46/1/2

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2014) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Nanotechnology Research and Practice, 3, pp. 141-158.

**ROMANIA**

Răcuciu, M., Oloşutean, H. (2019) Extremely Low Frequency (50Hz) Magnetic Fields Influences Physico-chemical Properties of Water, 18 (9), 1987-1994

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**CHINA**

Wu, Z. et al. (2016) Some physicochemical aspects of water-soluble mineral flotation, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 235; pp.150-200.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0001868616300112#!

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

Li, Y. et al. (2018) Effects of small molecules water that may retard kidney stone formation, International Urology and Nephrology, 50: 225-230.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11255-017-1769-6

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2013) Structural Mathematical Models Describing Water Clusters, Journal of Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 72-87.

**KAZAKHSTAN**

Kanurbaeva, D. G., Bekkazinova, B. K. (2017) Ionized Alkaline Water and its Effects on the Body, Conference New Science: Current State and Ways of Development, pp. 199-205.

https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29088246

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

**INDIA** Joshy, N., Meera, V. (2020) Scale Control on Pipe Materials: A Review, Green Buildings and Sustainable Engineering, pp. 421-429.

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-15-1063-2_35

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2015) Magnetic Water Treatment for Elimination of Scaling Salts, -Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, 11, pp. 86-100.

**ARMENIA**

Pirumyan G., Simonyan G., Margaryan L. (2019) Geoecological Evaluational Integrating Index of Natural Waters and other Systems, 100 years Yerevan State University, 1-244.

Cited:

Mosin, O. V, Ignatov, I. (2012) Structure of Water, Chemistry, Moscow, No. 11, pp. 24-27.

**AZERBAIJAN**

Ismailov, S. A. (2019) New Scientifc Views on Water, Clouds, Lightning and Hail, Sci-Article-Ru, pp. 135-154. http://sci-article.ru/number/02_2019.pdf#page=135

Mosin, O. V., Ignatov, I. (2011) Structure of Water and Physical Reality, Consciousness and Physical Reality, Natural Science, Moscow, Vol.17, No. 9, pp. 16-31.

**TURKEY**

Tekin, K., Daskin, A. (2019) Effect of polyvinyl alcohol on survival and function of angora buck spermatozoa following cryopreservation, Cryobiology, 89, pp. 60-69.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0011224019300641#!

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O. V. (2014) Nature of Hydrogen Bonds in Liquids and Crystals. Ice Crystal Modifications and Their Physical Characteristics, Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, Vol. 4, pp. 58-80.

**EGYPT**

Khatek, Z., Ibraheim, M. (2016) Histopathological Studies on the Effect of the Magnetized Water onthe Kidney of Albino Rat, The Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 3(1): pp.1-6.

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**IRAN**

Esmaeilnezhad, E, et al. (2017) Characteristics and Applications of Magnetized Water as a Green Technology, Journal of Cleaner Production, 161: 908-921. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652617311186#

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Heidarzadeh, H., Mohamadpour, N. (2017) The Effect of Magnetic Field on Scale Deposition of Birjand Tap Water, Iran – Water Resources Research, 13(3), pp. 198-204.http://iwrr.sinaweb.net/article_42956_en.html

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Bakherad, M. et al. (2019) Catalyst-free green synthesis of tetrahydro-benzo[b]pyrans in magnetized water: experimental aspects and molecular dynamics simulation, Research of Chemical Intermediates, 45, pp. 2981–2997

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11164-019-03774-8

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Bakherad, M. et al. (2019) Ligand‐free, copper‐catalyzed, one‐pot, three‐component synthesis of novel 1,2,3‐triazole‐linked indoles in magnetized water, Journal of Chinese Chemical Society, 66 (6), pp. 674-682.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jccs.201800287

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Emamdadi, N., Gholizadeh, M., Housaindokth, M. (2020) The effect of magnetized water on the oxidation reaction of phenol derivatives and aromatic amines by horseradish peroxidase enzyme, Biotechnology Progress, 36 (6).

https://aiche.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/btpr.3035

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85. Bakherad, M. et al. (2020) Synthesis of pyrano[2,3‐d]pyrimidines and pyrido[2,3‐d]pyrimidines in the magnetized deionized water based on UV–visible study, Journal of Iranian Chemical Society, 46.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13738-020-02073-z

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Bakherad, M. et al. (2020) Metal-free green synthesis of aryl amines in magnetized distilled water: experimental aspects and molecular dynamics simulation, Green Chemistry

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/gc/2021/d0gc01329c#!divAbstract

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

Khakyzadeh, V. (2020) Preparation and Analysis of the Properties of Magnetic Water and Its Effect onto Redox Reactions of Some Aromatic Compounds using a Magnetic-cyclic Reactor, Chemistry Research, 2(3): pp. 163-169.

http://www.chemistryresearches.ir/article_105101.html?lang=en

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**TUNISIA **

Mahmud, B., Yoska, M., Nadia, A. (2016) Effects of magnetic treatment on scaling power of hard waters, Separation and Purification Technology, 171, pp. 88-92.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1383586616310619#!

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Practical Implementation of Magnetic Water Treatment to Scaling Salts, Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, Vol. 10, pp. 111-125.

Bali, M., Gueddari, M. (2018) The effect of magnetic treatment on the physico-chemical and microbiological characteristics of hard waters, Separation Science and Technology, 53 (9) pp. 1405-1411.

ttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01496395.2018.1444640

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Practical Implementation of Magnetic Water Treatment to Scaling Salts, Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, Vol. 10, pp. 111-125.

Shirazi, S. et al. (2019) Design and manufacture of electromagnetic device utilizing Nano filtration in order to increase production and reduce environmental pollution in agricultural irrigation water, Applied Biology, 32(2): pp. 147-167.

https://jab.alzahra.ac.ir/article_4321.html?lang=en

Cited:

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Practical Implementation of Magnetic Water Treatment to Scaling Salts, Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, Vol. 10, pp. 111-125.

Moussa, M. (2020) Micro- and macrostructure changes of soil under irrigation with electromagnetically treated water, Soil and Tillage Research, 203,

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198720304724#!

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**IRAQ**

Hassan, S.M. et al.(2018) Exposure Effect of Magnetic Field on Water Properties in Recirculation Aquacultural Systems (RAS), Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 49(6), pp. pp. 1018-1031.

Ignatov, I., Mosin, O.V. (2015) Practical Implementation of Magnetic Water Treatment to Scaling Salts, Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, Vol. 10, pp. 111-125.

**PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY**

Sawaftah, NTY (2017) Optimization of Calcium Sulfate Scale Reduction Using Magnetic Field, Repository.najah.edu

https://repository.najah.edu/handle/20.500.11888/13282

Cited:

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2015) Construction of Magnetohydrodynamic Cell for Magnetic Treatment of Water, Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, Vol. 9, pp. 110-124.

**MALAYSIA**

Othman, A., Sohaili, J., Supian, N. (2019) A Review: Methodologies Review of Magnetic Water Treatment As Green Approach of Water Pipeline System, Science&Technology, 27 (1): pp. 281 – 296.

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.

**INDONESIA**

Mulyati, S., Rusbana, T.B., Sulaeni, S. (2020) Identification of Total Phenolic and Antioxidant Activity of Fermented Rice Bran Extracted by Electrolyzed Water, Food Scien Tech Journal,

https://jurnal.untirta.ac.id/index.php/fsj/article/view/7563

Mosin, O.V., Ignatov, I. (2014) Basic Concept of Magnetic Water Treatment, European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 72-85.